The Most Effective Backend Web Development Technologies in 2022

backend-developmentBackend frameworks are the backbone of software development. It fuels the user-trending digital experience.

The experts say, “backend is a funnel between the frontend and the database”. These frameworks accelerate a web or mobile app’s operating speed with a scalable & responsive architecture.

Online presence became a top priority for eCommerce businesses. In 2019, the global eCommerce market was valued at USD 9.09 trillion and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 14.7% during the forecast period of 2020-2027.

Such statistics do share a great amount of enthusiasm for developing web development software like Amazon. So, if you’re searching for a great technical tech stack or looking for the best web development stack, then dive into this blog.

Role of Backend & Frontend Development in a Web App

Web app development is divided into two parts: Frontend Development and Backend Development. There is a vast difference in the role of the respective developers too in running their solutions. Let’s have a quick look at the difference:

Particulars Backend Frontend
Role Builds server-side app Client-side app
Functionality Works with the internal functioning Interacts with users
Working The app can function without a frontend development Without backend it cannot execute itself properly with the user
Focus A backend developer is focused on servers, databases, & connectability – interactability with others A frontend developer is focused on how the application will appear to the users

Now, there is a wide range of frameworks to choose from but selecting the right one for your project is crucial. Let’s dive deep into some of the best known backend frameworks for better understandably.

Best Backend Frameworks for Web Development in 2022

1. Express.js

An open-source backend Node.js web application framework that provides features that are easy to manage and come lightweight. Express consists of MERN, MEAN, or MEVN as the most popular development stack. These tech stacks use Express as a backend component along with MongoDB database software.

Express.js manages routing, HTTP requests, sessions, and more. It is possible to create single-page, multi-page, & hybrid web applications. Companies like Accenture, Myntra, Twitter, Myspace, etc. use Express.js.

Key Features

  • It is a server-side rendered Node.js framework.
  • Supports end-to-end application development, MVC pattern with over 14 template engines, routing, & templating.
  • It has been around for more than 10 years, thus, it is a mature and stable framework.
2. Django

Developed in Python, Django, follows MTV (model-template-views) architectural patterns. It allows users to easily separate the UI & business logic. The backend framework allows the quick creation of a data-driven website along with the reusability & pluggability of components. The rapid development takes place because of low coupling, minimal code usage, and MTV logic bifurcation. Companies like Spotify, Instagram, Pinterest, Mozilla, etc. have been using this Python framework for their businesses.

Key Features:

  • It offers organized documentation & has a well-established library with an intuitive search filter.
  • Django is secured. It prevents the web application from SQL injection, cross-site scripting, etc. The framework provides an authentic system.
  • It is scalable when it comes to switching smoothly from small to large-scale projects.
  • For accomplishing mundane web development tasks, one can use Django’s helper modules & libraries.
3. Laravel

Laravel is known for its MVC architecture pattern & strongly follows the Ruby on Rails philosophy. The ecosystem of tool sets lets a user build solutions using PHP quickly. It helps create flexible & creative apps in the most preferred user-based choices. Laravel consists of many out-of-the-box functionalities that allow for building a successful enterprise app. A proficient Laravel development company knows how to develop & design an efficient app using the advancement with apt feature integration and functionality.

Key Features

  • Laravel offers an inbuilt ORM allowing users to simplify PHP syntax without writing SQL code.
  • MVC architecture allows a faster development process.
  • The template engine helps create dynamic websites.
4. Spring

Spring was introduced in 2022. It has evolved over the years and has become a primary Java-based development. When you opt for Spring, the framework omits various configuration overheads through Spring boot. One gets a lot of other functionalities like caching, transaction management, monitoring, security, etc. It works effortlessly with the technological advancement – Cloud Computing.

Key Features

  • It provides testing support and other technologies for validation, email, etc.
  • For data storage, it helps achieve data access and transaction management needs.
  • Spring supports cloud-native development, batch processing, event-driven application, and more.
5. Ruby on Rails

Rails is a server-side framework that provides MVC architecture. It is the best framework for beginners because it’s easy to understand and learn. Ruby on Rails has several outstanding benefits, including being quick, inexpensive, and extremely scalable.

Key Features

  • It offers the option to incorporate pre-designed code with localization for larger projects.
  • Rails may run a set of tests independently on the code you develop, saving you time and work during quality control.
  • It has a large library that provides all the tools necessary for high-quality development.

Note: Before choosing any framework, you must have a checklist for your project noting good documentation, required functionalities, performance consistency, business factor, & active community support. All these are a must when it comes to finalizing a perfect backend framework.

Top 5 Benefits of Using Web Frameworks

Ease of debugging & support:

Many programming languages lack in providing code readability and maintenance. But web development frameworks provide custom code debugging & support. The community of developers maintains these frameworks and assures its users of quick responses to any real-time issues.

Reduced code length:

The frameworks have code generating feature that allows concise & simple coding with minimal time and effort by developers. They also provide tools and functions to help developers automate their regular tasks like URL mapping, caching, etc.

Enhanced security:

The built-in security of frameworks helps a website from various cyberattacks, data tampering, SQL injections, etc. There are some open-source web frameworks that build custom security and specifications for a website.

Bootstrap development:

If a programmer has less experience in web development, frameworks have a variety of tools and packages to help bootstrap the process. There are many specific features that allow development on time with reduced coding efforts.

Improved code efficiency & reusability:

The frameworks have an efficient coding environment for developers. They also consist of advanced features like hot reload, live reload, faster development cycles, and more. The developers can build a website without writing complex or multiple lines of code. One can use a predefined codebase to easily modify and perform a bootstrapping process.

Classification of Framework Architecture

Framework architecture determines the relation between other elements of the framework. It plays a major role in application functioning.

Model View Controller (MVC):

The core functionality of MVC is to handle the model, the view, & the controller functions. It makes a complex development process easy and manageable.

Model-View-ViewModel (MVVM):

The MVVM model allows structured coding with an organized design pattern. The data presentation logic is separated from the core business logic part. MVVM consists of model, view, and ViewModel.

Push-based & Pull-based:

The data is pushed to the view layer with an action performed under push-based architecture. Whereas, the pull-based architecture starts with the view layer.

Three-tier organization:

The three-tier architecture separates applications into three logical tiers. It consists of the application tier, presentation tier, and database tier.

Wrapping Up

It’s critical to select a framework that is appropriate for your project’s needs. Server-side rendering, quicker development, and SEO, for example, should be your top priorities. We hope that our ranking of the top frontend and backend frameworks, together with a description of their features, will aid in your decision-making. Also, keep in mind that we have just chosen the items we believe to be the greatest; this is not an exhaustive list. There are numerous additional top-notch frameworks available. Conquer the digital space with a suitable framework!